Information and Communications Technology in the Learning Process. — Characteristics of a teacher include formal education, teaching tenure, age, gender, training experience, accessibility for working as a teacher (city or village), participation in professional organizations of teachers ,.
Based on the literature review on characteristics of a teacher related to ICT, gender does not affect teachers ‘attitudes toward ICT  but is strongly associated with teachers’ beliefs and perceptions , collaboration with friends, seeking information and data processing, men are better than women .
Age significantly influences ICT skills . The teaching experience is correlated positively with the use of ICT . ICT facilities (hardware, software, and infrastructure) are positively correlated with the success of learning . The ownership length of the home computer and the experience of using computer severely affected the use of ICT .
Demographics factors that influence abilities to use ICT for example income level, level of education, age, and gender -. Factor the young teachers are better than the old teachers in using ICT resources . Factor demographic those male teachers more receptive than the female teachers to ICT use -.
Factor demographic level of education people influences on the use of ICT. A person that uses ICT is mainly educated people , because they have more skills and chances to go online . According to  said that the use of ICT by teachers is also influenced by academic discipline (that is, mathematic, sciences, social, arts, and humanities).
There are teachers who master ICT, but who are less successful at integrating it in learning process . The important thing for a teacher to learn is how to convey the material with ICT, not only the ability of students to master ICT. Some student’s easilly grasp the material and quickly master the ICT, some students master ICT only, and some students need technical assistance for both.
Therefore, a teacher must have a sound learning plan to overcome the problems of students, especially the beginners. Effective teaching implementing ICT requires an understanding of how technology relates to pedagogy and learning content; then the knowledge of technology cannot be handled independently of the material. An interdisciplinary approach is necessary to integrate ICT in learning process ,,,.
Teachers must understand how technology, pedagogy, learning content, and knowledge are an interconnected unity in the learning process. Teaching with technology requires a flexible framework that can be integrated with various pedagogical approaches and for various learning content/materials.
The first step teachers should undertake is to formulate the learning objectives, then to choose the appropriate type of activity for that purpose, and then to choose the right technology . Teachers should be careful in choosing the right strategies and technologies in learning process .
Instructional practices with ICT are able to enhance and support teaching and learning effectively . The technologies can mediate interaction, but it is how these technologies pedagogies are used to support collaborative practices optimally so that these make the difference in teaching and learning .
The teacher requires preparing deeper plan to teach with ICT, starting planning, implementation, and finally evaluation. Using technology can effectively improve pedagogical abilities in learning . ICT as a tool for improving the presentation of material, for making lessons more fun for the learners and for making administration more efficient . The use of ICTs in pedagogy could promote ‘deep’ learning .
Use technology in schools enables shifts in pedagogical practices, thus enable benefiting students’ learning . ICT supported learning environments can enhance to meaningful constructivist teaching and to make of learning environments to be the ideal .
This is shown that the use of ICT for teaching and learning very necessary. Therefore, pedagogy is required using ICT in learning . The educators may need extensive knowledge of ICT to be able to understand how to integrate the ICT into their pedagogy teaching . The use of ICT and integration of technology is dependent on number teachers’ readiness, confidence, knowledge, and ability to evaluate the role of ICT in teaching and learning.
relating to ICT include a computer, the Internet, hardware, and software. One free learning tool, available in a variety of applications, on the Internet includes social networking media ,. Social networking sites that can be used include Facebook, Twitter, Blog, Edmodo, and Google docs . An online tool that offers users a free cost to join and allows users to communicate and interact with each other is Edmodo. Edmodo’s social media is a tool to enhance learning experiences on science subjects.
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